Design Recommendations for Bridge Deck Slabs Reinforced by Fiber Reinforced Polymers


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Title: Design Recommendations for Bridge Deck Slabs Reinforced by Fiber Reinforced Polymers

Author(s): T. Hassan, S. H. Rizkalla, A. Abdelrahman, and G. Tadros

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 188


Appears on pages(s): 313-324

Keywords: bridges; codes; concrete; deflection; fiber; punching; reinforcement

Date: 8/1/1999

The linear characteristics of fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) up to failure and their relatively low elastic modulus and strain at ultimate has raised concerns with structural engineers regarding their use as reinforcement for flexural members. Based on a nonlinear finite element analysis and testing of a full-scale model at the University of Manitoba, Canada, design guidelines on the use of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP and CFRP) as reinforcement for bridge deck slabs are proposed. The accuracy of the nonlinear finite element model is demonstrated by comparing the predicted behavior to test results of two models. The influence of the degree of edge restraint, percentage of reinforcement of CFRP and GFRP, type of reinforcement and presence of top reinforcement on the structural behavior and mode of failure of continuous concrete bridge decks is discussed. Based on serviceability and ultimate capacity requirements, reinforcement ratios of CFRP and GFRP for typical bridge deck slabs are recommended.