Microstructural InvestigationI of Portland Cement Mortars Containing Varying Dosages Polynaphthalene Sulfonate Superplasticizer

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Title: Microstructural InvestigationI of Portland Cement Mortars Containing Varying Dosages Polynaphthalene Sulfonate Superplasticizer

Author(s): G. Xu, J. J. Beaudoin, C. Jolicoeur, and M. Page

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 186

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 253-274

Keywords: abrasion resistance; absorption; high-performance concretes; mineral admixtures; permeability; strength

Date: 5/1/1999

Abstract:
The effect of varying dosages of a polynaphthalene sulfonate (PNS) superplasticizer on the microstructure of a portland cement paste, and on the microstructural and transition zone characteristics of a portland cement mortar, was investigated using AC impedance spectroscopy. Interpretation of the impedance and resistivity data was carried out in conjunction with data from mercury intrusion porosimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and other techniques. The addition of the PNS superplasticizer influences both the cement paste/sand interfacial region and the bulk paste component in the mortar. The transition zone was more porous at early hydration (around 4 hours) for mortars with high dosages of superplasticzer. The dosage levels also influences the morphology of the hydrates. Larger high frequency arcs and higher electrical resistance values were obtained for all the superplasticized mortars one day and beyond. This suggests a modification in the pore structure and porosity of both the transition zone and the bulk past due to presence of the superplasticizer. Mercury porosimetry, thermogravimetry and conduction calorimetry measurements support the interpretation of the AC impedance spectra.