Development in Yield Line Theory for Slabs

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Title: Development in Yield Line Theory for Slabs

Author(s): W. Gamble

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 183

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 67-76

Keywords: collapse load analysis; in-plane forces; slabs; yield line analysis; yield mechanisms

Date: 5/1/1999

Abstract:
The yield line theory for the determination of the ultimate load for slab structures is a well documented method of analysis. The basics of the method, which can be implemented using either equations of equilibrium or virtual work equations, are briefly reviewed, using a rectangular panel with all edges supported. A more complex single panel is then considered, followed by a brief review of multi-panel failure mechanisms. The potential importance of in-place forces, both compression and tension, is noted. These forces, which can be thought of in arch or dome terms for compression and catenaries for tension, have led to slab failure loads much greater than can be explained on the basis of flexure alone in many test. This phase of behavior is seldom usable for normal design of civil structures, but may be very useful and helpful in trying to understand the behavior of and design structures to resist blast loadings.