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Title: ACI PRC-445.2-21: Strut-and-Tie Method Guidelines for ACI 318-19 - Guide

Author(s): Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 445

Publication: Technical Documents

Volume:

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 88

Keywords:

DOI:

Date: 8/1/2021

Abstract:
Strut-and-tie models (STMs) were first used at the end of the nineteenth century as a concrete design method. The method was added to ACI 318 in 2002 as Appendix A. In 2014, STM provisions were moved into the main body of the code as Chapter 23, Strut-and-Tie Method. This document focuses on the ACI 318-19 implementation of strut-and-tie modeling. The main objectives of this document are to: 1) explain the intent and application of ACI 318 STM provisions; 2) provide additional design guidance for the STM based on other design codes, specifications, and committee documents; and 3) present design recommendations from recent research publications. This document provides practical guidance to the structural design community. Keywords: D-regions; design; disturbed regions; model; node; strut; tie.