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Title: Influence of Nano-silica on the Leaching Attack upon Photocatalytic Cement Mortars

Author(s): Atta-ur-Rehman, Abdul Qudoos, Sadam Hussain Jakhrani, Hong Gi Kim and Jae-Suk Ryou

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 13


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: nano-titanium dioxide, nano-silica, photocatalytic mortars, decalcification, durability, leaching, deterioration

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-019-0348-x

Date: 7/31/2019

Photocatalytic cementitious materials are used in the exterior of the buildings and infrastructure for self-cleaning and air-purifying purposes. These materials are exposed to the aggressive exposure conditions like acid rain, runoff water and are subjected to the deterioration due to the leaching of calcium. The knowledge of leaching attack upon photocatalytic cementitious materials after the addition of nano-materials is necessary. In the current study, the influ-ence of nano-silica addition on the leaching attack upon photocatalytic cement mortars was thoroughly investigated. For this purpose, photocatalytic mortars were made by adding 3% TiO2 and variable amount (0–2%) of nano-silica. Accelerated leaching environment was created by immersing mortars in 6 M ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) solution. The progressive development of the leaching depth in mortars was measured. The loss of hardened properties was monitored by evaluating the compressive strength, flexural strength, porosity, and dynamic modulus of elasticity. X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy tests were conducted to know the microstructural deteriorations. Results indicated that the leaching attack induced mechanical and microstructural damages in the mortars, but the addition of nano-silica decreased mechanical and microstruc-tural damages in the photocatalytic mortars and increased the resistance of photocatalytic mortars to leaching attack.