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Title: Prediction of the Rupture of Circular Sections of Reinforced Concrete and Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Author(s): A. Adjrad, Y. Bouafia, M. S. Kachi, and F. Ghazi

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 10

Issue: 3

Appears on pages(s): 373–381

Keywords: reinforced concrete, fiber reinforced concrete, circular section, abacuses, numerical simulation, bearing capacity.

DOI: 10.1007/s40069-016-0137-8

Date: 9/30/2016

Abstract:
As part of this study, has been developed a numerical method which allows to establish abacuses connecting the normal force with bending moment for a circular section and therefore to predict the rupture of this type of section. This may be for reinforced concrete (traditional steel) or concrete reinforced with steel fibers. The numerical simulation was performed in nonlinearelasticity up to exhaustion of the bearing capacity of the section. The rupture modes considered occur by plasticization of the steel or rupture of the concrete (under compressive stresses or tensile stresses). Regarding the fiber-reinforced concrete, the rupture occurs, usually, by tearing of the fibers. The behavior laws of the different materials (concrete and steel) correspond to the real behavior. The influence of several parameters was investigated, namely; diameter of the section, concrete strength, type of steel, percentage of reinforcement and contribution of concrete in tension between two successive cracks of bending. A comparison was made with the behavior of a section considering the conventional diagrams of materials; provided by the BAEL rules. A second comparative study was performed for fibers reinforced section.