In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Physical and Chemical Actions of Nano-Mineral Additives on Properties of High-Volume Fly Ash Engineered Cementitious Composites
Author(s): Y. Al-Najjar, S. Yesilmen, A. Majeed Al-Dahawi, M. Sahmaran, G. Yıldırım, M. Lachemi, and L. Amleh
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 791-801
Keywords: chloride ion permeability; engineered cementitious composites; high-volume fly ash; hydration characteristics; mechanical properties; nanomineral additives
Abstract:Unlike conventional concrete, the material design process for engineered cementitious composites (ECC) involves micromechanics-based design theory, paving the way for the use of high volumes of fly ash (HVFA) as a major component. Using high volumes of fly ash (up to 85% weight fraction of cement) in ECC mixtures enables improved tensile ductility (approximately a 3% increase in long-term tensile strain) with reduced crack widths, although it also leads to significantly reduced early-age compressive and tensile strength and chloride ion resistance. However, nanomineral additives are known to improve mechanical strength and durability of HVFA systems. The study emphasizes the effects of different fly ash (FA)/cement ratios on various properties (hydration and microstructural characteristics, transport and mechanical properties) of ECC mixtures designed with different mineral additives. Experimental results confirm that although different optimum levels can be selected to favor various ECC properties, optimum weight fraction of FA is dependent on the mechanism of nanomodification (that is, type of modifier). The optimum level of fly ash weight fraction that yields the highest rate of improvement through nanomodification of ECC varies for different mechanical and transport properties.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber