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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Bond of Substandard Laps in Reinforced Concrete Beams Retrofitted with Post-Tensioned Metal Straps
Author(s): Yasser Helal, Reyes Garcia, Kypros Pilakoutas, Maurizio Guadagnini, and Iman Hajirasouliha
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 1197-1208
Keywords: beams; bond strength; lap splices; post-tensioned metal strap confinement; reinforced concrete; retrofitting; splitting strength
Abstract:This paper investigates the bond-splitting performance of lapped steel bars in tension. Twelve reinforced concrete (RC) beams with substandard laps (lap length = 25 bar diameters) at midspan were tested in flexure. The variables examined include the bar diameter, concrete cover, and three different confinement conditions at midspan: 1) no confinement; 2) internal steel stirrups; and 3) external post-tensioned metal straps (PTMSs). The test results show that, in comparison to unconfined specimens, PTMS confinement enhances the bond strength of the lapped bars by up to 120%. Based on the results of this study, an innovative equation is proposed and validated to calculate the additional bond strength provided by PTMS confinement. The equation can be used for assessment and retrofit of substandard lapped bars in RC structures and should prove useful in practical retrofitting applications.
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