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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Measured Development Lengths of 0.7 in. (17.8 mm) Strands for Pretensioned Beams
Author(s): Canh N. Dang, Royce W. Floyd, W. Micah Hale, and J. R. Martí-Vargas
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 525-535
Keywords: 0.7 in. (17.8 mm) strand; development length; prestressing strand; pretensioned concrete; self-consolidating concrete (SCC); transfer length
Abstract:The use of 0.7 in. (17.8 mm), Grade 270 (1860) prestressing strands in construction is slow regardless of the engineering advantages of these types of strands. The limited research data and unavailable design guidelines partially account for the slow use. This study measured development length for 16 pretensioned concrete beams, in which the prestressing strand was tensioned to 75% of its ultimate strength. The beams were fabricated with conventional concrete or self-consolidating concrete (SCC). The concrete compressive strengths at 28 days of age varied from 9.2 to 13.4 ksi (63.5 to 92.5 MPa). The development length was determined by conducting bending tests at different embedment lengths. The experimental results indicated that the measured development lengths did not show a good correlation with concrete compressive strength. The ACI 318 equation significantly overpredicts the measured development lengths. A simple equation was proposed to predict development length of 0.7 in. (17.8 mm) prestressing strands.
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