An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Objective Health Monitoring and Damage Detection in Concrete Bridge Girders

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

  


Title: An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Objective Health Monitoring and Damage Detection in Concrete Bridge Girders

Author(s): Ahmed H. Al-Rahmani, Hayder A. Rasheed, Yacoub Najjar

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 298

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1-18

Keywords: Artificial neural network, Damage detection, Health monitoring, Finite element analysis.

Date: 6/5/2014

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to facilitate damage detection and health monitoring in concrete bridge girders without the need for visual inspection while minimizing field measurements. Simple span beams with different geometry, material and cracking parameters were modeled using Abaqus finite element analysis software to obtain stiffness values at specified nodes. The resulting databases were used to train two Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The first network (ANN1) solves the forward problem of providing a health index parameter based on predicted stiffness values. The second network (ANN2) solves the inverse problem of predicting the most probable cracking pattern. For the forward problem, ANN1 had the geometric, material and cracking parameters as inputs and stiffness values as outputs. This network provided excellent prediction accuracy measures (R2 > 99%). ANN2 had the geometric and material parameters as well as stiffness values as inputs and cracking parameters as outputs. This network provided less accurate predictions compared to ANN1, however, ANN2 results were reasonable considering the non-uniqueness of this problem's solution. An experimental verification program will be conducted to qualify the effectiveness of the method proposed. This test program is described in details in the present paper.