In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Formation and Stability of Protective Passive Films formed on the New Generation of Stainless Steel Rebar Alloys
Author(s): B.P. Bergsma and C.M. Hansson
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-16
Keywords: Stainless steel reinforcing bars, synthetic pore solution, cyclic polarization, Raman spectroscopy
Abstract:Electrochemical polarization and Raman spectroscopy were used to investigate the passive film formation of four grades of stainless steels in concrete and synthetic concrete pore solutions. Steels tested were austenitic grades UNS S24100 and UNS S31603, and duplex grades UNS S32101 and UNS S32304. These techniques have identified both similarities and differences in the protective films. The air-formed Cr2O3 film is not stable on any of the steels at potentials more anodic than approximately -100 mV SCE. In its stead, CrO3 and mixed spinels form at more anodic potentials. The manganese-bearing grades (S24100 and S32101) exhibited Raman peaks attributed to manganese-bearing spinels, indicating that these steels form unique passive films. These films show similar stability and breakdown behaviour in chloride-free pore solutions; studies in chloride-bearing solutions are on-going.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber