On the History and Reliability of the Flexural Strength of FRP Reinforced Concrete Members in ACI 440.1R

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Title: On the History and Reliability of the Flexural Strength of FRP Reinforced Concrete Members in ACI 440.1R

Author(s): Carol K. Shield, Theodore V. Galambos, and Peter Gulbrandsen

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 275

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1-18

Keywords: Ductility, Flexure, FRP, Reliability

Date: 3/1/2011

Abstract:
The structural reliability of concrete flexural members reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcement is investigated. Reliability indices based on the equations for flexure in ACI 440.1R-03, which uses the load factors from ACI 318-99 are presented. Choice of a resistance factor for flexure for ACI 440.1R-06, which uses the load factors from ACI 318-02 is also presented. Flexural designs using either ACI 440.1R-03 or ACI 440.1R-06 provide sufficient reliability, with reliability indices between 3.5 and 4.8, with the older versions of ACI 440.1R yielding higher reliability. An analysis of curvature of the beams at failure showed that flexural members that fail by FRP reinforcement rupture have ductilities similar to those that fail by concrete crushing, indicating that FRP reinforcement fracture is not necessarily a more brittle failure mode than concrete crushing.