Relative assessment of density and stability of foam produced with four synthetic surfactants

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Title: Relative assessment of density and stability of foam produced with four synthetic surfactants

Author(s): Indu Ranjani, Siva Ranjani, K. Ramamurthy

Publication: RILEM

Volume: 43

Issue: 10

Appears on pages(s): 1317-1325

Keywords: Density, Stability, Foam, Sodium lauryl sulfate, Sodium lauryl ether sulfate, Sulfanol, Cocediethanolamide

Date: 10/19/2010

Abstract:
Selection of the surfactant has an impact on many of the foam properties as it affects the surface tension and gas–liquid interfacial properties. The objective is to produce stable aqueous foam of required density. These two characteristics are influenced by the type of surfactant, its concentration and foam generation pressure. This study compares the density and stability of foam produced using four synthetic surfactants namely sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl ether sulfate, sulfanol and cocodiethanolamide through a systematic experiment design based on response surface methodology. The relative performance has also been assessed in terms of their suitability for use in foamed concrete production based on ASTM test method. The effect of surfactant concentration has relatively lesser effect on foam density for sodium lauryl sulfate and sulfanol irrespective of foam generation pressure adopted. The drainage is proportional to the initial foam density for all the surfactant concentration for ionic surfactants at different foam generation pressures. For all the four surfactants under the optimum foam generation pressure, a stable foam with drainage less than 12% in 300 s (by considering economy as a factor) is achieved. From the foam stability test based on ASTM C 796-97, it is observed that all the four surfactants are suitable for use in foamed concrete production when optimized foam production parameters are adopted.


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