Exploratory investigation on mechanical anchors for connecting SMA bars to steel or FRP bars


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Title: Exploratory investigation on mechanical anchors for connecting SMA bars to steel or FRP bars

Author(s): Shahria Alam, Maged Youssef, Moncef Nehdi

Publication: RILEM

Volume: 43

Issue: S1

Appears on pages(s): 91-107

Keywords: Coupler, Plicing Shape memory alloy, Superelasticity, Cyclic, Pullout

Date: 11/16/2010

Using superelastic shape memory alloys (SMAs) as reinforcing bars in concrete structures proved to have a great potential in seismic areas because of its recentering capability. However, using them in an entire structure is generally not economically feasible due to their high cost. Therefore, it is more practical to limit their use to the plastic hinge zones, while regular steel can be used in the other regions of the structure. Connections between SMA and steel are critical, and need to be strong enough to transfer the full force from SMA bars to steel bars. Various mechanical couplers are available in the market to splice bars in reinforced concrete (RC) structures, each of which has several advantages and disadvantages. The efficiency of these couplers for connecting steel bars is tested and reported in this paper. Since these couplers are intended for connecting steel bars only, another experimental investigation has been performed to determine the suitability of these couplers for connecting SMA with steel bars. Commercially available screw-lock couplers are found to be unsuitable for connecting SMA to steel bars. An existing coupler has been modified for SMA–steel splicing to allow SMA bars to achieve their full superelastic strain. Additional tests have also been performed for connecting FRP bars to SMA bars. A new generation mechanical-adhesive type coupler has been developed for splicing FRP to SMA bars.

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