Structural Monitoring and Residual Reactive Silica Measurement Combination for Finite Element Analysis of Structures Affected By ASR

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Title: Structural Monitoring and Residual Reactive Silica Measurement Combination for Finite Element Analysis of Structures Affected By ASR

Author(s): A. Sellier, E. Bourdarot, E. Grimal, S. Multon, and M. Cyr

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 266

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 109-126

Keywords: alkali-aggregate reaction; finite element; structural expertise; swelling test.

Date: 10/1/2009

Abstract:
Alkali silica reaction (ASR) causes premature and unrecoverable deteriorations of numerous civil engineering structures. ASR-expansions and induced cracking can affect the functional capacity of bridges and dams. Several hydraulic dams of Electricité de France (EDF) are concerned by ASR. Therefore, a behaviour model implemented in a finite element code has been developed in order to assess the safety level and the maintenance choices of these degraded structures. This approach has the particularity of modelling the ASR structural effects from the construction of the structure until today. It uses several ASR advancement variables, one for each aggregate size range of the affected concrete. These advancement variables depend on both the saturation degree and the temperature in the dam. The difficulty of using a classical residual expansion test on core samples to fit the model is pointed out, particularly when the swelling rate is slow due to low alkali content in the concrete. Thus, the authors propose an original approach combining additional tests and physical modelling to assess the chemical advancement of the ASR for each aggregate size of the affected concrete. Only the chemical advancement, which is a normalized variable linked to the residual reactive silica content, is measured in laboratory. The concrete residual potential expansion is not measured on laboratory tests but fitted through an inverse analysis based on a finite element structural calculation.