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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Numerical Analysis of Saw Cutting: The Influence of Environmental Conditions
Author(s): K. Raoufi, T. Nantung, and J. Weiss
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 87-100
Keywords: cracking; environmental conditions; saw cutting; temperature; wind speed.
Abstract:Stresses develop in portland cement concrete pavement at early ages when volume changes associated with hydration reactions, moisture loss, and temperature variations are restrained. Saw-cuts are placed in concrete pavements to provide a weakened plane that enables cracks to form as intended, thereby relieving developed residual stresses. Although the idea of creating a weakened plane by saw-cutting is relatively straight forward, practically determining the timing and depth of saw-cut can be complicated in field construction. This study uses a finite element model (FEMMASSE) to evaluate influence of saw-cut timing on cracking behavior of concrete pavements. The model considers the influence of ambient temperature, cooling effect of wind, and time of casting. It is shown that the saw-cutting time window was reduced as ambient temperature was increased. Higher wind speeds influence the saw-cutting time window to a lesser degree at high ambient temperatures than they do at lower ambient temperatures. It was also shown that the time of casting influences the saw-cutting time window and it needs to be considered in estimating the saw-cutting time window especially
at high ambient temperatures.
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