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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Pursuance of Workability Retention by
Author(s): D. Hamada, K. Sagawa, Y. Tanisho, and H. Yamamuro
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 297-308
Keywords: adsorption; cement; ethylene oxide chain; hydrolysis polymer; hyper-branched polymer; plastic viscosity; rheology; superplasticizers; workability retention.
Abstract:Recently, concrete workability has become regarded as much more important because of large demands for high -strength concrete with high unit powder content and unstable quality of concrete materials. The new hyper-branched
polymer was developed to provide better workability with much lower plastic
viscosity of the mortar than the conventional polycarboxylate type superplasticizers. In this study, further workability improvement for a longer periods was investigated to provide better workability to the construction job site. The higher density of ethylene oxide (EO) chains adsorbed on cement surfaces was found to provide a more stable dispersion state that leads to lower viscosity of the dispersion system. However, the cement dispersion states might change with time generally due to the cement hydration process, so that the viscosity of the mortar or the concrete tends to become
higher although the fluidity is maintainable. Thus, new additional EO chains were thought to be required with time on the hydrated cement surfaces to maintain a stable dispersion state. Based on this hypothesis, theoretically required EO chains were calculated and it was possible to maintain the mortar viscosity utilizing new hyper-branched polymer and hydrolysis type polymer.
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