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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Role of Adsorption Energy in the
Author(s): R.J. Flatt, J. Zimmermann, C. Hampel, C. Kurz, I. Schober, L. Frunz, C. Plassard, and E. Lesniewska
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 153-164
Keywords: adsorption energy; atomic force microscopy; sulfate; superplasticizers.
Abstract:The interaction between sulfates and polycarboxylate polymers has become a subject of much discussion and occasional concern over the past years.
Laboratory studies have shown that sulfates may prevent some polycarboxylate polymers from adsorbing, which causes a reduction in flow properties of cementitious materials. This seems to have led to the belief that this phenomenon is generally true for all polycarboxylates. In fact, it depends very much on the detailed polymer structure. Examples of this will be shown both with flow examples on paste, and experiments by atomic forces microscopy that illustrate in a very convincing way that this competition does not always turn to the advantage of sulfate ions. Furthermore, it is discussed how the outcome of this competition is governed by variations in the adsorption energy of the polymers.
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