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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Deicer Salt Scaling Deterioration--An Overview
Author(s): J. Marchand E. J., Sellevold, and M. Pigeon
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-46
Keywords: chlorides; concretes; curing; deicers; deterioration; porosity; freeze-thaw durability; popouts; salts; scaling; tests; Materials Research
Abstract:An overview of the scientific and technical literature published on the subject is presented. The first part of this report is devoted to the fundamentals of frost action in concrete. The mechanisms of freezing and hypotheses explaining the detrimental effects of deicing salts are discussed. Special attention is paid to the influence of the concrete curing temperature and moisture history on its frost durability. A critical appraisal of three different test procedures designed to assess the deicer salt scaling resistance of concrete is given in the second section. Each test method is evaluated on the basis of reproducibility, variability of test results, operating cost, and relationship to field exposure conditions. Finally, the influence of various parameters on the deicer salt scaling resistance of concrete is discussed. Topics such as mix composition, air entrainment, casting operations, curing, and use of concrete sealers are reviewed.
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