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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Alkali-Aggregate Reaction--The Bogeyman of Concrete
Author(s): R. N. Swamy
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 105-140
Keywords: alkali-aggregate reactions; alkalies; beams (supports); cement-aggregate reactions; coatings; columns (supports); durability; cracking (fracturing); mineral admixtures; modulus of elasticity; moisture; pozzolans; reinforcing materials; slabs; stiffness;
Abstract:The mention of alkali-aggregate reactivity (AAR) often conjures up visions of an intolerable and unremediable cancerous disease to which all concrete is subjected. It generates a lack of precise and thorough understanding of the phenomenon and strikes fear in the minds of concrete technologists, engineers, and the public alike. The aim of this paper is to put the phenomenon of AAR in a proper perspective in relation to its mechanisms, effects, and influences. An attempt is made to unravel the mysteries of AAR and the myths and mythologies associated with it. Paper describes the behavior and method of operation of the phenomenon, and assesses its impact on the engineering properties of concrete and structural performance of load-bearing members. It is shown that it is possible to check, and indeed contain, the effects of the attack both in new construction and in existing structures.
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