Masonry Research in the Americas

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Title: Masonry Research in the Americas

Author(s): S. M. Alcocer and R. E. Klingner

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 147

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 127-170

Keywords: confined masonry; earthquakes; grout; lateral pressure; masonry; material properties; mortars (material); reinforced masonry; research; unreinforced masonry; General

Date: 9/1/1994

Abstract:
An overview of different aspects of masonry research in the Americas is presented from the viewpoint of the response of masonry to extreme lateral forces such as earthquakes of strong winds. Research objectives, variables studied, and important findings are described. Due to the large number of investigations, the presentation is not intended to be exhaustive, and only the most relevant references are selected. With respect to the behavior of unreinforced and confined masonry, Latin American research is emphasized. With respect to the behavior of reinforced masonry, the U.S. TCCMAR program is emphasized. This chapter is organized into the following sections: material properties; unreinforced masonry; confined masonry; reinforced masonry; and masonry infills. To facilitate the transfer of research findings into design practice, design and construction details from several research projects conducted in different countries are described. Finally, needed research is discussed from an overall viewpoint.