Seismic Behavior and Earthquake-Resistant Design of Masonry Buildings in Chile

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Title: Seismic Behavior and Earthquake-Resistant Design of Masonry Buildings in Chile

Author(s): P. A. Hidalgo

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 147

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 333-356

Keywords: buildings; confined masonry; damage; earthquake-resistant structures; earthquakes; masonry; reinforced masonry; seismic performance; standards; Construction

Date: 9/1/1994

Abstract:
The main characteristics of Chilean masonry construction are presented, including reinforced masonry and confined masonry. The seismic behavior of masonry is discussed, with special emphasis on the reasons for the poor performance of hollow clay brick reinforced masonry during the March 3, 1985 earthquake, compared with the rest of Chilean construction. The codes available for structural design are analyzed, including the development of the revised version of the seismic code to prevent damage in future earthquakes, and preparation of the draft for the design of confined masonry. Finally, the research done in Chile to develop the code provisions for the design of reinforced masonry structures is summarized.