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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effectiveness of Supplementary Cementing Materials in Reducing Expansion Due to Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in High-Performance Concrete
Author(s): B. Fournier and V. M. Malhotra
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 729-752
Keywords: accelerated tests; aggregates; alkali-aggregate reactions; blended cements; concretes; expansion; high-performance concretes; silica fume; Materials Research
Abstract:Two Canadian aggregates, a reactive siliceous limestone and nonreactive crushed granite, were evaluated for their potential alkali reactivity (AAR) in high-performance concrete. The concretes were proportioned to have high strength and cement content greater than 400 kg/m 3. Concrete mixes were made using a silica fume blended cement and a cementitious system in which 25 percent of a CSA Type 20 low-alkali cement was replaced by ASTM Class F fly ash. Also, control mixes were made with a CSA Type 10 high-alkali cement. The susceptibility to AAR of these concrete mixes was evaluated by casting concrete prisms and subjecting them to various accelerated storage conditions in the laboratory. For comparison purposes, mortar bars were also made, and tested according to the ASTM P 214 (1990) accelerated mortar bar test procedure. The AAR concrete prism tests performed in this study have shown that none of the concrete prisms made with silica fume blended cement and low-alkali cement incorporating fly ash showed significant expansion after 18 to 24 months of testing either in 1N NaOH or in exposure conditions of 38 C and relative humidity greater than 95 percent. The accelerated mortar bar test results, however, suggest that long-term testing may be needed to evaluate the effectiveness of blended cements in reducing expansion due to AAR, especially for highly reactive aggregates.
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