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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Parameters Influencing the Oxygen and Chloride Permeability of Superplasticized Normal Portland Cement and Fly Ash-Normal Portland Cement Mortar and Concrete
Author(s): C. J. Lynsdale and J. G. Cabera
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 435-450
Keywords: chlorides; compressive strength; durability; fly ash; models; mortars (material); oxygen; performance; permeability; porosity; portland cement; superplasticizers; water-cement ratio; Materials Research
Abstract:Inadequate performance of concrete structures is often caused by deficient construction practices and lack of appropriate specifications for controlling concrete properties that are related to adequate performance during the expected service life of a structure. Work carried out for many years at the Civil Engineering Materials Unit (CEMU) of the University of Leeds has shown that the durability of concrete can be assessed effectively by measuring its permeability to gases, liquids, and ions. Paper presents the findings of a laboratory study of the properties of normal portland cement and fly ash-normal portland cement mortar and concrete mixtures that influence their oxygen and chloride-ion permeability. The study involves 28 mixtures incorporating the use of five chemically different superplasticizers and three water-cementitious materials ratios. Statistical models that relate compressive strength, porosity, pore-size distribution, and water-cementitious materials ratio to oxygen and chloride-ion permeability are presented.
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