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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Role of Expansive Admixtures in High-Performance Concrete
Author(s): C. Enyi and L. Huizhen
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 575-588
Keywords: admixtures; cracking (fracturing); deformation; drying shrinkage; fly ash; high-performance concretes; segregation; strength; workability; Materials Research
Abstract:Besides high workability (high filling capacity and high resistance to segregation), little drying shrinkage and high resistance to cracking are important properties required for high-performance concrete. Addition of expansive admixture by appropriate proportion is an efficient way to compensate drying shrinkage for conventional concrete. By experimental investigations, it is confirmed that there is a very similar effect for high-performance concrete (HPC). But the effects of different types of expansive admixture for improving properties of high-performance concrete are various. As distinguished from using silica fume to produce HPC, fly ash is adopted in tests. It is found that appropriate amount of fly ash can not only avoid segregation, but also helps regulate unfavorable expansion of concrete caused by excessive content of expansive admixtures. Four types of expansive admixture are used in tests. Their effects on workability, deformation, and strength of HPC are discussed in this paper.
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