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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Environmental Effects on Lunar Observatories and Lunar Concrete
Author(s): S. W. Johnson, G. J. Taylor, J. P. Wetzel, and J. O. Burns
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 191-210
Keywords: astronomical observatories; cements; concretes; cosmic rays; environments; lunar bases; lunar dust; magnetic fields; seismology; solar radiation; General
Abstract:The moon offers a stable platform with excellent visual conditions for astronomical observations. Some troublesome aspects of the lunar environment must be overcome to realize the full potential of the moon as an observatory site. Mitigation of negative effects of vacuum, thermal radiation, dust, and micrometeorite impact is feasible with careful engineering and operational planning. Shields against impact, dust, and solar radiation must be developed. Means of restoring degraded surfaces are probably essential for optical and thermal control surfaces deployed on long-lifetime lunar facilities. Precursor missions should be planned to validate and enhance the understanding of the lunar environment (e.g., dust behavior with and without human presence) and to determine environmental effects on surfaces and components. Precursor missions should generate data useful in establishing keepout zones around observatory facilities where rocket launches and landings, mining, and vehicular traffic could be detrimental to observatory operation. If lunar concrete becomes available, it could be a material of choice for observatory foundation construction. For concrete to be a viable choice, its production and use must be compatible with the observatories' needs for clean, precision optics, and for an environment free of dust, shock, vibration, and outgassing. It must also be economically competitive with alternative construction techniques.
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