Theoretical Aspect and Methods of Testing Concrete Resistance to Freezing and Deicing Chemicals

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Title: Theoretical Aspect and Methods of Testing Concrete Resistance to Freezing and Deicing Chemicals

Author(s): D. Bjegovic, D. Mikulic, and V. Ukraincik

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 100

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 947-972

Keywords: concrete durability; deicers; environments; surveys; tests; freeze-thaw durability; General

Date: 4/1/1987

Abstract:
Theoretical aspects of concrete resistance to freezing and deicing chemicals are shown in causal terms. Different constituents and concreting procedures result in different concretes. Furthermore, environmental influences cause a series of physical processes that are also presented in the paper. These physical mechanisms cause stresses that may result in concrete damages. The second part of the paper contains a survey of methods for testing the resistance of concrete to freezing and deicing chemicals. The most common methods are presented in a flowchart showing the advantages and disadvantages of a method and its applicability for a particular structure.