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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Corrosion of Reinforcing Steel in Concrete Exposed to Marine and Freshwater Environments
Author(s): S. Somayaji, D. Keeling, and R. Heidersbach
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 139-172
Keywords: bridges (structures); buildings; cathodic protection; chlorides; corrosion; efflorescence; marine atmospheres; reinforced concrete; reinforcing steels; sea water; water; General
Abstract:Report presents the results of a multi-year laboratory exposure of more than 150 concrete samples to alternate immersion exposure in flowing sea water and flowing fresh water. Other exposure variables included loading, cracking, and electric currents. The validity of the controlled-exposure samples was determined by comparing the results with the results from selected samples removed from concrete structures throughout the United States. The results from a marine seawall are presented in this report and compared with previously reported results from marine masonry structures, highway bridges, and other structures.
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