In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Durability of Structural Concrete in Modern Buildings in the United Kingdom
Author(s): J. B. Menzies, J. F. A. Moore, and R. J. Currie
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 143-168
Keywords: buildings; carbonation; concrete durability; corrosion; precast concrete; prestressed concrete; reinforced concrete; reinforcing steels; General
Abstract:Concrete is ubiquitous in building and civil engineering construction. Most of it is still performing satisfactorily and some has successfully reached a considerable age. However, instances of deterioration arising from corrosion of embedded steel following carbonation of the cover come to light increasingly, particularly in the United Kingdom among the forms of concrete structures constructed during the post-war building booms. For a proportion of these structures, deterioration of some concrete is advancing more rapidly than hoped or expected. This paper examines information on rates and depths of carbonation obtained from extensive field investigations by the Building Research Establishment of reinforced and prestressed concrete in these populations of modern buildings. The data are compared with those derived from laboratory specimens and from field studies elsewhere. A consistent view of the performance with respect to carbonation of different grades of concrete emerges. The rate of carbonation in the buildings was widely variable and sensitive to the achieved quality of the concrete. The implications for existing structures are given. The need for a substantial increase in the quality of the cover in reinforced concrete in future building construction is discussed in relation to the longevity required and the means of achieving it.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber