Seismic Design of Concrete Structures Based on Serviceability After Earthquakes


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Title: Seismic Design of Concrete Structures Based on Serviceability After Earthquakes

Author(s): S. Ikeda

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 117


Appears on pages(s): 45-54

Keywords: damage; ductility; earthquakes; limit state design; reinforced concrete; safety; serviceability; structural design; structures; yield strength; Design

Date: 10/1/1989

In seismic zones, severe earthquakes occur within a certain period. However, the important functions of a concrete structure must be maintained after the earthquake. Hence, structures must be designed for safety during the earthquake and serviceability after the earthquake. The acceptable level of damage can be varied in accordance with the type and importance of the structure. When a reinforced concrete structure suffers significant plastic deformation, residual deformation and large crack opening in the structure are impaired. A new and rational seismic design method was proposed. The peculiarity of the concept of the design method is as follows: Seismic design should be performed to fulfill required serviceability after the design earthquake as well as required safety during the earthquake. High magnification factor due to dynamic response was introduced according to actual observation in the earthquakes. Reduction factor referred to the acceptable level of damages in the structure after the earthquake was introduced. The importance of design details was emphasized. Furthermore, the influence of axial compressive force on the ductility was pointed out.