Failure Paths and Safety Factors for Multiaxial Stress in Concrete


  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal


Title: Failure Paths and Safety Factors for Multiaxial Stress in Concrete

Author(s): Harald Kreuzer and Karl Bury

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 87

Issue: 6

Appears on pages(s): 639-645

Keywords: concrete dams; evaluation; failure; failure mechanisms; mass concrete; Mohr circle; safety; safety factor; strength; stress analysis; stresses; Structural Research

Date: 11/1/1990

Although mass concrete structures, such as dams, are governed by multiaxial stress patterns, their safety is commonly evaluated in terms of a uniaxil safety measure. To assess such a structure's safety more realistically, a multiaxial failure criterion and a relevant stress path to failure could be chosen in a reformulation of the safety measure. This paper compares the Mohr failure envelope with the principal stress failure envelope in terms of feasible paths, and their effects on the safety factor for a medium-strength concrete. Different values of the commonly defined safety factor are shown to be obtained for identical states of stress because of different assumptions for the initial stress state. To evaluate the safety of existing structures, the most likely failure path should be considered, and a distinction made between new and existing structures in the assumption of the initial state of stress.