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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Early Age Shear-Friction Behavior of High-Strength Concrete Layered Systems at Sub-Freezing Temperatures
Author(s): Shivaprasad T. Kudlapur and Edward F. Nawy
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 159-186
Keywords: cold weather concreting; friction; high-strength concretes; magnesium; methyl methacrylate; polymer concrete; shear properties; shear strength; shear stress; stress transfer; Structural Research
Abstract:Studies are limited on the early age performance of high-strength cold weather concretes and their shear strength interaction in cold weather. This paper presents shear transfer strength characteristics between regular high-strength concrete and (i) methyl methacrylate-based polymer concrete and (ii) magnesium phosphate based concrete in subfreezing temperatures. Analytical expressions were developed based on shear transfer hypothesis and verified by experimental results. The experimental study included tests on cylinders and L-shaped push off specimens to determine the early age shear interlock and shear frictional resistance between high-strength regular portland cement concrete and cold weather high-strength concretes as is experienced in rehabilitation of bridge decks and other infrastructure systems. Studies indicated that at early age of 24 hours, shear transfer strength of 1400 psi can be obtained with the use of appropriate material and shear reinforcement. The study also indicated the ACI 318-89 code limits on the shear-friction strength are too conservative even at early ages for high-strength cold weather concretes.
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