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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Response of Plain and Reinforced Concrete Structures Under Cyclic Loadings
Author(s): Christian La Borderie, Jacky Mazars, and Gilles Pijaudier-Cabot
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 147-172
Keywords: beams (supports); bending; cyclic loads; finite element method; microcracking; models; reinforced concrete; structures; Structural Research
Abstract:Progressive microcracking and crack closure effects are the most important phenomena which need to be described in finite element calculations of reinforced concrete structures subjected to cyclic or seismic loads. Microcracking produces a loss of stiffness which is usually modeled with continuous damage mechanics. Crack closure effects such as inelastic deformations and stiffness recovery remain features that must be incorporated in the constitutive relations describing the response of concrete under cyclic loadings. These effects are introduced into a novel damage model in a rigorous, consistent fashion. An attempt to derive the constitutive relations for fiber reinforced concrete using this model is also described. The implementation of these constitutive relations into a layered beam finite element code is discussed, and computations on medium-size bending beams and a beam-column joint subjected to cyclic loading are compared with experiments. Although the computational method remains simple and sufficiently fast for engineering applications, the good agreement obtained with test data shows that the constitutive relations capture very well the main characteristics of the behavior of concrete.
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