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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effect of Alkali Sulfate on the Rheological Behavior of Cement Paste Containing a Superplasticizer
Author(s): T. Nawa, H. Uchi, and Y. Fukaya
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 405-424
Keywords: adsorption; alkalies; cement pastes; flocculating; hydration; plasticizers; rheology; sulfates; viscosity; zeta potential; Materials Research
Abstract:The influence of alkali sulfate on the viscosity of cement paste containing a superplasticizer was studied by using rotational viscometer. The mechanism of the action of superplasticizer on the fluidity of cement paste was also investigated. A larger amount of superplasticizer was rapidly adsorbed onto C3A and C4AF compared to that on C3S and C2S. The presence of alkali sulfate inhibited the adsorption of superplasticizer on C3A and C4AF, thus permitting increased adsorption on C3S and C2S. The reduction of viscosity of cement paste by superplasticizer is dependent mainly on its adsorption onto C3S and C2S. Therefore, an increase in alkali sulfate leads to an increase in the adsorption of superplasticizer on C3S and C2S, and results in reduced viscosity of cement paste. Excessive amount of alkali sulfate, however, compressed the electric double layer, providing an increase in viscosity of cement paste. Based on the results, it was concluded that there was an optimum alkali sulfate level with respect to the fluidity of cement paste containing the superplasticizer.
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