In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Influence of Different Sulfonated Naphthalene Polymers on the Fluidity of Cement Paste
Author(s): F. Basile, S. Biagini, G. Ferrari, and M. Collepardi
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 209-220
Keywords: cement pastes; chromatography; filtration; formaldehyde; naphthalene; plasticizers; sulfonate; viscosity; workability; Materials Research
Abstract:Eight samples of sodium salts of naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensates with different molecular weight have been synthesized by stopping the polymerization process at different reaction times between zero (monomer) and 14 hr at 112 C using a molar H2SO4/naphthalene ratio of 1.07 and a molar HCHO/naphthalene ratio of 1.20. The longer the reaction time, the higher the molecular weight. The condensates have been analyzed by Gel Permeation Chromatography to determine the chemical composition and average molecular weight. The condensates have been used as superplasticizers (0.4 percent of dry product by weight of cement) for cement paste (water/cement ratio = 0.35) and the fluidifying effect has been determined by the mini slump test. It was found that the fluidifying effect increased by reducing the content of monomer and increasing the molecular weight of the condensate. To confirm that the fluidifying effect of the condensate substantially depends only on the content of the higher molecular weight fraction, two samples of the condensate, with different reaction times and then with a different condensation degree have been subjected to an ultrafiltration process. This technique allows removal of the monomer and the lower molecular weight fraction. The two samples of the condensate, which had different fluidifying effects before the ultrafiltration process, behaved similarly as superplasticizers after the ultrafiltration process.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber