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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Suitability of the Measurement Techniques of Oxygen Permeability in Order to Predict Corrosion Rates of Concrete Rebars
Author(s): C. Andrade, C. Alonso, I. Rz-Maribona, and M. Garcia
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 45-60
Keywords: cement pastes; concretes; corrosion; measuring instruments; mortars (material); oxygen; permeability; reinforcing steels; Materials Research
Abstract:The air or oxygen permeability of concrete is usually measured by means of techniques that utilize mechanical driving forces. Thus, air or oxygen is forced to pass through a piece of concrete using different mechanical pressures. The flow of gas so measured is used as an indication of concrete permeability and sometimes is also used to predict the durability of concrete reinforcements based on the relationship between anodic corrosion rate and amount of oxygen, which may be reduced in the cathodic areas. However, this extrapolation may lead to erroneous conclusions, because a dry concrete allows a higher amount of oxygen to pass through it than a wet one, although the corrosion rate should be much lower in dry than in wet concrete. In this paper, comparisons between flow of oxygen measured in paste, mortar, and concrete specimens held at different relative humidities using electrochemical driving forces (polarization at about -750 mV SCE), and corrosion rates (measured by means of polarization resistance) are presented to discuss the inherent relationships. The results show that the oxygen permeability is only dependent on the amount of electrolyte inside the pores, but the corrosion rate is also dependent on the concrete resistivity, which is fixed by the amount of pore water content.
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