In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Carbonation-Chloride Interactions and Their Influence Corrosion Rates of Steel in Concrete
Author(s): Harold Roper and Daksh Baweja
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 295-316
Keywords: carbonation; cements; chlorides; corrosion; Materials Research
Abstract:Corrosion of steel reinforcement within concrete structural elements is a major problem in both research and practice. Laboratory studies have been conducted on fundamental mechanisms of corrosion within concrete in the presence of high chloride and others under conditions of reduced alkalinity. However, little has been published on the interactive effects of these two conditions and the ways in which corrosion rates of steel in concrete are thereby influenced. These two conditions occur concurrently under many practical environmental exposures. This paper presents data on methodology used to determine corrosion rates of steel in concrete. Information on corrosion activities in both carbonated and high-chloride environments is presented with reference to mechanisms involved in breakdown of steel passivation. Interactive effects of the two conditions are examined for a range of concrete types and grades. The data suggest that for normal reinforced concrete structural elements, the interactive effects of carbonation and chloride ion ingress lead to much more rapid corrosion than where the two phenomena occur independently. The interactive effects of carbonation and chloride ions as they influence concretes under service conditions are discussed. In particular, the reduction of carbonation rate in the presence of high-chloride ion concentrations is noted.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber