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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effects of the Use of Sulfitic Fly Ash in Mortars and Concretes
Author(s): A. Carles-Gibergues and B. Husson
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 671-692
Keywords: carbonation; concretes; corrosion; durability; fly ash; mineralogical analysis; mortars (material); quick lime; workability; x-ray diffraction; Materials Research
Abstract:Within the context of atmospheric pollution prevention, fly ash producers are brought to better desulfurize combustion gases. As a result, there are important modifications in the composition of the residues that are enriched with sulfur, especially in the case of calcium sulfite fly ash. The sulfitic fly ashes studied result from desulfurization by quick lime addition in dust removers of a thermal plant. Paper presents the physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics of this type of fly ash. Their examination by x-ray diffraction shows the presence of crystallized minerals: lime, calcite, and calcium sulfite, and the existence of a glass, the composition of which is given by electron microprobe. A special emphasis is given to the sulfite stability. In a second part of the paper, the behavior of these fly ashes in paste with water and slaked lime has been studied. It is shown that they are a very weak hydraulic binder but they present, on the other hand, pozzolanic activity. At last, the study has allowed determination of the influence on workability and mechanical properties of hydraulic mortars and concretes in which they have been introduced as partial replacement of cement. Corrosion and carbonation aspects have also been studied in mortars.
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