In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Effect of Slag on the Performance of Concretes in Hydrocarbon Fire
Author(s): M. Guerrieri, J. Sanjayan, and F. Collins
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 23-46
Keywords: activated slag; hydrocarbon fire; moisture clog; spalling; thermal gradient
Abstract:A hydrocarbon fire test was conducted on nine concrete slabs incorporating three different types of binders: 100% ordinary portland cement (OPC), 50% OPC, and 50% ground-granulated blastfurnace slag (GGBFS), and alkali-activated slag (AAS). The specimens (780 mm [30.71 in.] x 360 mm [14.17 in.]) were made with three different thicknesses (100 mm [3.94 in.], 200 mm [7.87 in.] and 400 mm [15.75 in.]). Specimens were tested at an age of six months when the strengths were about 75 Mpa (10,877 psi). The specimens were exposed to the hydrocarbon fire on one side. Explosive spalling only occurred in the 400 mm (15.75 in.) AAS concrete specimen that had a lower moisture content and higher permeability than the OPC and OPC/slag concretes. This suggests that the well-renowned moisture clog theory is unlikely to be a predominant mechanism of spalling in AAS concrete. It is
speculated that high thermal gradients caused explosive spalling in the AAS concrete specimen.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber