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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Durability of High-Strength Concrete with Silica Fume: Temperature Attack and Freezing-and-Thawing Cycles
Author(s): I. Janotka
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 175-186
Keywords: concrete; freezing and thawing; hydration; porosity; strength; temperature elevation
Abstract:This paper reports high-strength concrete behavior subjected to temperatures up to 200 °C and 100 freezing and thawing cycles in regime of 8 hours in water at + 20 °C and 16 hours at - 20 °C (weekends in frost). The concrete is composed of 425 kg/m3 of portland cement of CEM I 42.5 type, 32 kg/m3 of silica fume, 5.6 L/m3 of super plasticizer Melment and has a W/C of 0.32. Compressive strength is 78.5 MPa at 28-day curing on cubes for temperature resistance tests and 63.1 MPa on prisms for freezing and thawing tests, both after 28-basic curing in 20 °C/100 % R. H. - air. Evident C-S-H dewaterization of the cement paste is observed between 100 °C and 200 °C. Initial shrinkage within 24-hour period due to rapid cooling is more detrimental on the cement paste strength than shrinkage due to C-S-H dewatering at temperature elevation from 100 °C to 200 °C. The strength, elastic modulus and volume deformation of concrete are irreversibly influenced either by temperature elevation or rapid cooling to 20 °C. Differences in strength, elastic modulus and shrinkage or expansion after 100 freezing and thawing cycles relative to those in water are negligible. The compressive strength of prisms subjected to 118-day freezing and thawing was 62.9 MPa, compared to 65.2 MPa for those kept in water.
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