Three-Dimensional Finite Element Modeling of Confined High-Strength Concrete Columns

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Title: Three-Dimensional Finite Element Modeling of Confined High-Strength Concrete Columns

Author(s): P. Bhargava, R. Bhowmick, U. Sharma, and S.K. Kaushik

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 238

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 249-266

Keywords: confinement; hardening; model; softening; spalling

Date: 10/1/2006

Abstract:
The use of high-strength concrete (HSC) tied columns is becoming increasingly popular in engineering practice. Researchers are working to obtain the proper post-peak behavior of tied columns with concrete strength greater than 60 MPa. Many empirical confinement models have been reported in the literature for the prediction of stress-strain behavior under concentric loading. However, nothing significant has been said about the numerical modeling of the problems wherein the nonlinear response of HSC tied columns may be reasonably predicted. In the present study, the nonlinear behavior of concrete material has been idealized by William-Warnke five-parameter model, which, to date, is the most widely accepted and sophisticated criterion. Within the framework of rate independent associative elasto- plasticity, a full backward Euler integration algorithm for stress updating has been implemented in the present work. A fixed crack smeared approach based upon fracture energy concept and non- local material softening law has been employed for the tensile modeling of concrete material. The computational model also involves the provision for cover spalling. A couple of examples have also been presented for validation of the numerical methodology proposed in this work.