Effect of Steel Grid Orientation on Seismic Performance of Shear Walls

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Title: Effect of Steel Grid Orientation on Seismic Performance of Shear Walls

Author(s): Y.L. Mo, W.-I. Liao, J. Zhong, C.C. Lin, and C.-H. Loh

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 236

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 171-198

Keywords: ductility; shear wall; steel orientation

Date: 5/1/2006

Abstract:
Past RC panel tests performed at the University of Houston show that reinforced concrete membrane elements under reversed cyclic loading have much greater ductility when steel bars are provided in the direction of principal tensile stress. In order to improve the ductility of low-rise and mid-rise shear walls under earthquake loading, shear walls have been designed to have steel bars in the same direction as the principal tensile direction of applied stresses in the critical regions of shear walls. This paper presents the test results of shake table tests on two shear walls and two shear walls under reversed cyclic loading. In the specimens under shake table tests, steel bars were provided at angles of either 90 degrees or 45 degrees to the horizontal. In the reversed cyclic tests, one-half of the steel bars were placed at an angle of 45 degrees to the horizontal in the low-rise shear wall and at an angle of 65 degrees to the horizontal in the bottom portion of the mid-rise shear wall. Based on the experimental results, the tested shear walls with reinforcement oriented close to the principal tensile direction of applied stresses have greater ductility than that of the conventional shear wall.