In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Statisical Definition and Combination of Loads
Author(s): J. Ferry Borges and M. Castanheta
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 43-62
Keywords: earthquakes; failure; live loads; loads (forces); probability theory; reinforced concrete; safety factor; static loads; statisical analysis; structural design; variability; wind pressure
Abstract:A statistical treatment of the problem of combination of different types of loadings involves a suitable definition of each of the loads to be combined. In the idealization adopted each load is assumed constant during given intervals of time, and variable from interval to interval according to an uncorrelated stochastic process. Further, variability from structure to structure and variability in time are assumed to be equivalent. . .The results obtained give a clear understanding on how to perform the combination of loads and on how to choose the load factors. . .
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber