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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Proposed Revisions to Specifications and Test Methods for Use of Fly Ash in Portland Cement Concrete
Author(s): Oscar E. Manz
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 659-680
Keywords: concretes; fineness; fly ash; free lime; performance; pozzolans; setting (hardening); specifications; General
Abstract:Many of the current standards for fly ash to be used in portland cement suffer from prescriptive requirements not necessarily related to the material's performance in concrete. The development of performance specifications is being encouraged, and classifying fly ash by reference to type of coal is being questioned. To use fly ash as a mineral admixture, the potential strength contribution to a reference mortar seems to be the most important consideration. To overcome the inconsistency with cement in the ASTM C 311 pozzolanic activity index, many countries have revised the test by incorporating fixed fly ash/cement ratio by weight, fixed water/cement + ash ratio, and accelerated curing at various temperatures for up to 7, rather than 28, days. Various studies to improve pozzolanic test methods are summarized, and recommendations made to simplify present fly ash standards, and to change their orientation from prescriptive to performance.
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