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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Deicer Scaling Mechanisms in Concrete
Author(s): Frederick P. Browne and Philip D. Cady
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 101-120
Keywords: absorption; calcium chlorides; chemical attack; concretes; deicers; deterioration; freeze-thaw durability; ice formation; pore water pressure; scaling; sodium chloride; tensile strength; thermal expansion; water-cement ratio
Abstract:Three experiments were conducted to study the characteristics of the two primary deicer scaling mechanisms in concrete: 1) a hydraulic pressure mechanism, which is strongly dependent upon the degree of saturation and the deiceer gradient, and only occurs under freeze-thaw conditions, and 2) a chemical mechanism, which operates between concrete and concentrated calcium chloride solutions. These two mechansims are completely independent of one another.
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