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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Performance of Buried-Type Expansion Joints in Composite Viaduct Structures
Author(s): A. R. Price
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 311-333
Keywords: bitumens; bituminous concretes; bridge decks; control joints; dynamic loads; field tests; highways; joint (junctions); moving loads; performance; temperature; viaducts.
Abstract:In the United Kingdom normal gap-graded dense bituminous surfacing is usually laid on bridge decks. At the expansion gap, below pavement (buried) joints have been widely used to provide a smooth and continuous running surface and for ease of resurfacing. On all-concrete structures this type of joint has been used successfully but on steel/concrete composite decks there have been premature failures, particularly when there is a large volume of commercial vehicles. A survey and field trials investigated the factors influencing the performance and the requirements for buried joints. Measurements established that dynamic traffic loading produced movements and rotations at the expansion gap that were detrimental to the performance of buried joints, particularly on composite structures. It was also found that restraints at the bearings lower the centre of rotation and so increased the joint opening. The survey showed that only limited improvements in joint performance could be obtained from modifications to the design. Trials were therefore made on a 600m length of motorway viaduct with modified surfacings. It was found that a rubberised bitumen and a high penetration bitumen both showed a substantial improvement compared with normal bitumen. Delays caused one carriageway of the trial to be laid in cold, wet and frosty conditions and the subsequent performance was very inferior to the carriageway laid in dry warm weather. Workmanship and weather during laying both have a major effect on the behaviour of the joint. Alternative types of joint with flexible surfacing materials which are able to absorb all joint movements gave a good performance where conventional buried joints have proved unsatisfactory
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