Computer Use in Studies of Frames With Long Columns


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Title: Computer Use in Studies of Frames With Long Columns

Author(s): John E. Breen

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 12


Appears on pages(s): 535-556


Date: 1/1/1965

The usage of a high speed digital computer in the investigation of long concrete columns as integral parts of building frames is outlined. Extensive use of the computer was made in both the interpretation of data obtained in physical testing and in analytical studies utilizing idealized mathematical models. Numerical procedures were facilitated by development of a rapid and versatile method for obtaining the relationship between axial load, bending moment, and curvature for rectangular reinforced concrete members. A general program is presented which simulates the behavior of a rectangular frame by use of the method of successive approximations and with predictor and corrector functions based on the axial load-moment-curvature characteristics of both the column and its restraining frame members. The method recognizes the nonlinear characteristics of the problem and considers inelastic action, axial load effects, and the varying reduction instiffness of reinforced concrete members. Verification of many of the analytical procedures was obtained in a series of tests of isolated eccentrically loaded long columns under statically determinate load conditions. A series of tests of columns as integral parts of frames indicated that the analytical procedure can predict the mode of failure and type of long column action to be expected. Quantitative accuracy was shown to be reasonable with major discrepancies directly attributable to shortcomings in the failure criteria postulated for reinforced concrete sections. The analytical procedure showed itself to be a promising tool available for further exploration of long column behavior.