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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: High-Strength Concrete Research for Buildings and Bridges
Author(s): Henry G. Russell and Anthony E. Fiorato
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 375-392
Keywords: bridges (structures); buildings; high-strength concretes; mechanical properties; prestressed concrete; reinforced concrete; research; structural design; General
Abstract:In the United States, the primary use of high-strength concretes has been in columns of high-rise buildings. However, in recent years high-strength concrete has been used in applications where durability is important. This has resulted in research into material and structural properties other than compressive strength. This paper summarizes selected research projects in the United States. In materials research, projects have been conducted to identify the relationship between water-cementitious ratio and compressive strength, the development of compressive strength with time, and the effects of heat of hydration on in-place material properties. Research has also been conducted to assess the testing procedures to be used with high-strength concrete. Specific projects include work on the use of smaller test specimens and different capping materials. In structural research, projects have been conducted to identify how the structural performance of high-strength concrete members differs from that of conventional strength concrete members. Specific research projects have involved investigations of modulus of elasticity, creep, shrinkage, development length, shear strength, and column strength. Although research is underway on a number of topics, additional work is still needed to answer questions about the applicability of code provisions for high-strength concrete. A list of specific topics is included in the paper.
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