Title: Concrete Exposed to Alkali Ground Waters
Author(s): C.J. Mackenzie, M.E.I.C.
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 763-766
In discussing the general subject of concrete exposed to alkali ground waters it must be admitted at the outset that at the present time no simple answer can be made to the query: "How can concrete be made immune to alkali attack?" And while it will be generally admitted that under alkali conditions of the most extreme nature it is not safe to have concrete even of first class quality freely exposed, it should also be realized that the extensive investigational work that has been carried out on this continent during the past 20 years has not been sterile, but that advances of real value have been made, which serve as a guide to those who find it necessary to build structures exposed to alkali waters; and that, furthermore, the advances already made give promise of bearing the germ of a complete solution of the problem.