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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Concrete for Resisting Sea Water
Author(s): Harry E. Squire
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 751-756
Abstract:Marine structures are subjected to varying degrees of accelerated weathering. Not only are they immersed in the saline solutions of the sea but in addition they are subjected to severe mechanical abuse which aids the searching sea water attack in uncovering every defect of design and construction. The impinging blows of waves, the repeated wetting and drying of spray, the alternating exposure and covering of surfaces by the tide, the impact of drift impelled by current, the cutting effect of sand, the racking blows of heavy ships-all this mechanical wear and tear aching in conjunction with strong electrolytes of the sea produces a condition where erosion and deterioration is the natural order of things. In fact the destructive effect of the mechanical abuse and the mechanical application of the sea water is so variable that the chemical effect of sea water exposure is largely obscured. The failure to recognize this wide variation in exposure has resulted in confusion in the study of the subject, and to seeming contradictions in the discussion of it.
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